Croatia is a parliamentary republic in which the head of government - the prime minister - and the head of state - the president - represent the executive power and the state at home and abroad. The government structure is based on separation of legislative, executive and judicial powers. The Parliament holds legislative power and also controls the executive. Its members are elected for 4 years.
Trade and economy
The most important sectors of Croatia’s economy in 2020 were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (20.1%), industry (19.2%) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (18.1%).
Intra-EU trade accounts for 67% of Croatia’s exports (Germany 13%, Italy 12% and Slovenia 10%), while outside the EU 9% go to Bosnia & Herzegovina and 5% to Serbia.
In terms of imports, 77% come from EU Member States (15% Germany, Italy 12% and Slovenia 11%), while outside the EU 5% come from China and 3% come from Bosnia & Herzegovina.
Croatia in the EU
Council of the EU
In the Council of the EU, national ministers meet regularly to adopt EU laws and coordinate policies. Council meetings are regularly attended by representatives from the Croatian government, depending on the policy area being addressed.
Presidency of the Council of the EU
The Council of the EU doesn't have a permanent, single-person president (like e.g. the Commission or Parliament). Instead, its work is led by the country holding the Council presidency, which rotates every 6 months.
During these 6 months, ministers from that country's government chair and help determine the agenda of Council meetings in each policy area, and facilitate dialogue with the other EU institutions.
Dates of Croatian Presidencies:
The Commission is represented in each EU country by a local office, called a "representation".
European Economic & Social Committee
Croatia has 9 representatives on the European Economic and Social Committee. This advisory body – representing employers, workers and other interest groups – is consulted on proposed laws, to get a better idea of the possible changes to work and social situations in member countries.
European Committee of the Regions
Croatia has 9 representatives on the European Committee of the Regions, the EU's assembly of regional and local representatives. This advisory body is consulted on proposed laws, to ensure these laws take account of the perspective from each region of the EU.
Permanent representation to the EU
Croatia also communicates with the EU institutions through its permanent representation in Brussels. As Croatia's "embassy to the EU", its main task is to ensure that the country's interests and policies are pursued as effectively as possible in the EU.
Budgets and Funding
How much does Croatia pay and receive?
How much each EU country pays into the EU budget is calculated fairly, according to means. The larger your country's economy, the more it pays – and vice versa.
The EU budget doesn't aim to redistribute wealth, but rather focuses on the needs of Europeans as a whole.
Figures on the EU budget, revenue and spending:
EU-funded projects in Croatia
Find out more about how Croatia benefits from EU funding.